U.S. Exports

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American SME Merchandise Exports Grow 24% in 2010

Article from ITA Blog, re-blogged courtesy of Ray Hays – Member Arizona District Export Council

Brief Review of U.S. SME Trading Companies in 2010

December 6, 2012

David Moore is an economist in the Office of Trade and Industry Information within the International Trade Administration.

This week the International Trade Administration’s Office of Trade and Industry Information released an annual update to its website for the U.S. Commerce Department’s Exporter Database (EDB) for 2010. This joint project with the U.S. Census Bureau’s Foreign Trade Division is the cornerstone of ITA’s Trade Data Enhancement Initiative, the goal of which is to develop and disseminate improved statistical information on U.S. international trade and its role in the U.S. economy. Additional information on the EDB can be obtained by viewing the U.S. Census Bureau’s Profile of U.S. Exporting Companies, 2009-2010.

In 2010, more than 293,000 U.S. companies exported goods, up 6.0 percent from the revised 2009 estimate of 276,600. In 2010, nearly 98 percent of U.S. exporters (286,661) were small or medium-sized companies (SMEs*) with fewer than 500 employees, a 6.1 percent increase over 2009. Further, the known merchandise export value of SMEs rose to $383.4 billion in 2010, up 24.1 percent from 2009 and this accounted for 33.7 percent of the $1,138 billion total known merchandise export value of all companies.

Known Merchandise Export Value of Trading Companies, 2009 and 2010 in U.S. dollars. All identified companies $940,400,000 in 2009 and $1,137,600,000. SME's $308,900,000 in 2009 and $383,400,000 in 2010. Companies with 500 or more employees $631,500,000 in 2009 and $754,200,000 in 2010.

SME Exports at the State Level

SME exports are concentrated in the largest exporting states, with the top four exporting more than $30 billion from SMEs.  California had the largest value of SME exports ($68.1 billion) in 2010, followed by Texas ($51.2 billion), New York ($34.4 billion), and Florida ($33.6 billion).

SME export value at the state level in U.S. dollars. California: $68,087,967,616, Texas: $51,200,446,724, New York: $34,394,384,363, Florida: $33,557,306,907, New Jersey: $15,122,026,840, Illinois: $14,445,622,703, Pennsylvania: $12,519,691,700, Washington: $11,017,998,632, Michigan: $10,506,510,110, Massachusetts: $10,051,122,079, Ohio: $9,321,029,844, Louisiana: $8,806,538,601, Georgia: $8,448,288,399, Puerto Rico: $7,051,941,052, Minnesota: $5,740,296,134, Oregon: $5,649,311,876, North Carolina: $5,599,660,584, Wisconsin: $5,531,778,198, Connecticut: $5,372,732,418, Indiana: $4,974,567,439, Virginia: $4,139,241,848, Tennessee: $4,023,677,667, Missouri: $3,775,289,203, Arizona: $3,578,474,711, Kentucky: $3,484,101,860, Kansas: $3,258,410,258, Maryland: $2,819,330,154, Colorado: $2,671,823,591, South Carolina: $2,632,285,300, Utah: $2,584,426,888, Alabama: $2,561,215,935, New Hampshire: $1,776,065,210, Iowa: $1,745,671,009, Oklahoma: $1,622,778,640, Nebraska: $1,409,866,973, Mississippi: $1,407,996,974, Nevada: $1,210,149,129, West Virginia: $1,144,895,941, Montana: $1,059,154,716, Rhode Island: $1,054,668,411, Idaho: $1,031,234,308, Maine: $992,455,877, Arkansas: $898,080,029, Delaware: $775,404,661, District Of Columbia: $688,447,135, New Mexico: $680,508,632, North Dakota: $562,363,709, South Dakota: $443,896,862, Alaska: $394,898,004, Hawaii: $161,527,055, Wyoming: $141,245,194, Vermont: No data available for Vermont in 2010.

Note: SME values for Vermont are unavailable for 2010.

However, SME exporters represent a large share of the value of U.S. exports in both small and large states.  79 percent of Montana’s exports in 2010 were from SMEs, the highest share in the nation.  Florida, Rhode Island, Wyoming, and New York all had an SME share of exports over 50% as well.

Selected state SME share of exports: Montana: 79%, Florida: 68%, Rhode Island: 63%,   Wyoming: 56%, New York: 55%.

SME Exporters at the Metropolitan Level

The New York metro area had the largest number of known SME exporters at 32,300, followed closely by Los Angles (32,100), Miami (26,300), Chicago (13,300), and Houston (10,500).  Further world destination break-outs by the European Union-27, NAFTA, ASEAN, and DR-CAFTA are shown below. Other country groupings such as APEC and OPEC can also be accessed using the EDB website.

Number of Known SME Exporting Companies to Select World Regions by Metro. New York Metro: 11,645 to the EU, 10,540 to NAFTA, 2,370 to DR-CAFTA, and 3,436 to ASEAN; Los Angeles Metro: 8,938 to the EU, 12,242 to NAFTA, 1,947 to DR-CAFTA, and 4,548 to ASEAN; Miami Metro: 4,194 to the EU, 3,985 to NAFTA, 5,730 to DR-CAFTA, and 1,234 to ASEAN; Chicago Metro: 4,184 to the EU, 6,639 to NAFTA, 910 to DR-CAFTA, and 1,614 to ASEAN; Houston Metro: 2,640 to the EU, 3,653 to NAFTA, 649 to DR-CAFTA, and 1,740 to ASEAN.

SME Exporters at the Five-Digit Zip Code Level

Of the 25,754 zip-codes in the U.S. reporting at least one SME exporter, nine of these zip-codes reported one thousand or more SME exporters. Miami had the largest concentration in five zip codes (33166, 33172, 33178, 33122, 33126), followed by New York in three zip codes (10036, 10018 and 10001) and Los Angeles in one (90021).  Further, 673 zip-codes reported between 100 – 923 known SME exporters, while the remaining balance of zip codes reported between 1 and 99.

SME Exporters by zip code. In Miami, zip code 33166 has 4,023 SME exporters, zip code   33172 has 2,317 SME exporters, zip code 33178 has 2,033 SME exporters, zip code 33122   has 1,573 SME exporters and zip code 33126 has 1,203 SME exporters. In New York, zip   code 10036 has 1,625 SME exporters, zip code 10036 has 1,354 SME exporters, and zip code   10001 has 1,273 SME exporters. In Los Angeles, zip code 90021 has 1,109 SME exporters.

In closing, the EDB offers a whole host of information on U.S. exporters, not only by company size and type (manufacturers, wholesalers and other non-manufacturing firms) but also by 3 and 4 digit NAICS product codes, and export country destination, etc. This is just a small slice of EDB data available on our website, but we encourage U.S. companies and professionals working in global trade, policy, cooperation and promotion to utilize this snap-shot of 2010 as they continue to map out their strategies for export success in the future.

*SMEs are defined as firms that have fewer than 500 employees. All figures in this overview include only identifiable or “known” exports, i.e., exports that can be linked to individual companies using information on U.S. export declarations.


If you are a small business interested in exporting, this is an invaluable resource.

Tradeology, the ITA Blog

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Yuki Fujiyama, a trade finance specialist with the Office of Financial Services Industries in the International Trade Administration, is the author of The Trade Finance Guide: A Quick Reference for U.S. Exporters.

On November 13, 2012 in Philadelphia, we unveiled the third edition of the Trade Finance Guide: A Quick Reference for U.S. Exporters at the 23rd Annual Finance, Credit, and International Business Association (FCIB) Global Conference. Acting U.S. Commerce Deputy Assistant Secretary for Services Industries Carlos F. Montoulieu released the new edition emphasizing that, “This concise and easy-to-understand guide is designed to help U.S. small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) learn quickly how to get paid from export sales in the most effective manner.”

What is the Trade Finance Guide?

The Trade Finance Guide covers 14 subject areas in easy-to-understand two page chapters that are…

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Miami Ushers in New Commercial Opportunities

Tradeology, the ITA Blog

Claire Maggio works in the Office of Public Affairs within the International Trade Administration. She holds a degree in political science from the University of Rochester.

Miami is known for a lot of things. The picturesque beaches, the exotic nightlife, and an incredibly vibrant culture are just a few of the things that make this city so unique. Yet there is far more than meets the eye. The city of Miami is also a bustling commercial hub with nearly limitless potential.

2010 saw Miami named the fifth largest metropolitan export market in the United States, with merchandise shipments totaling $35.9 billion. Helping to build on that strong performance, the Department of Commerce has announced the approval of PortMiami’s application for a Foreign Trade Zone(FTZ) that will not only serve the port’s facilities but allow quick FTZ access throughout the northern half of Miami-Dade County. As a result, the…

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Brazil is an Olympic-Sized Market for Education Services

As we look at the trade deficit and the competitiveness of U.S. exports, it is important to look at both products and services.

While U.S. manufacturing saw the impact of outsourcing of labor to cheaper markets, service exports have performed better over the past decade. In the future, economists will keep their eye on U.S. services such as consulting, intellectual property licensing, franchising, technical services, financial services, travel and education.

This ITA article on education provides insight into the important role that U.S. education plays in terms of global competitiveness. Brazil is a good example of the potential for U.S. education “exporters.”

The International Trade Administration (ITA) blog provides the latest news on U.S. Trade.

Re-blogged courtesy of Ray Hays, Member of District Export Council of AZ

Tradeology, the ITA Blog

This post contains external links. Please review our external linking policy.

Braeden Young is an International Trade Specialist and Brazil Desk Officer within the International Trade Administration.

Brazil, which became the world’s sixth-largest economy last year, is bustling with activity. As Brazil ramps up preparations for hosting the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games, opportunity abounds for U.S. companies to support infrastructure development at sports venues, surrounding communities and commercial centers, and transportation hubs.

The recent discovery of new oil reserves off Brazil’s coast presents new opportunities in the oil and gas sector. U.S. firms have specialized expertise in deep water drilling and related services and are well-positioned to partner with Brazilian companies to help Brazil reach its objectives.

However, Brazil’s rise is marked not only by towering cranes and the roar of jackhammers, but also by smiling students and the scribbling of pencil on paper…

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Exporting to China – 4 Tips for Success

Video: A senior U.S. Commercial Service Officer explains why China is a priority target for American exporters.

China is the world’s fastest-growing major economy, and the fastest-growing U.S. export market.  It is now our second-largest trading partner.  While China’s GDP grew by 10.3 percent in 2010, U.S. exports to China were up 32 percent, reaching $92 billion, and have more than quadrupled since 2000.   Our trade deficit in goods with China totaled $273 billion in 2010, but we had a surplus of $6.7 billion in services trade in 2009.

China is the world’s third-largest market for luxury goods behind Japan and the United States.  There are more than 200 million Chinese citizens with a per capita income over $8,000, and most economists predict a surge in the number of people achieving true middle class status during the next several years.

Four Tips for Exporting to China:

Tip #1: Consider targeting the Shanghai market

Tip #2: Multiple opportunities in multiple sectors

Tip #3: Many models for success

See the video in which a Senior U.S. Commercial Service Officer elaborates on the 3 tips above.

An extra tip, not mentioned by the U.S. Commercial Service…

Tip #4: Set up your in-country sales operations through a sales incubator based in Shanghai or other key markets. 

Sales incubators provide new exporters with a low-cost and low-risk solution to quickly build their own sales team in China. In effect, the sales incubator is an exporter’s outsourced sales office in-country, which builds the foundation of client sales and Chinese distributor support, during the early years of a company’s entry into the Chinese market.

Click on this link to read a recent blog post for more details on the sales incubator model.

For more information about China:

Exporting to China – The Sales Incubator Model

Why are U.S. exporters fixated on selling their products into China? China is a market where U.S. exporters, large and small, endeavor to establish a foothold in an enormous and growing marketplace. Many exporters see an opportunity to capture early market share for long-term export growth into China.

Rising prices in China have resulted in a “slowdown” that mostly impacts U.S. companies with manufacturing facilities in China. Some of these manufacturers moved their operations other low-cost markets, such as Indonesia or Malaysia, (or even relocated production back to the U.S.)

However, economic growth is still strong, and consumer wealth in China continues to expand, driven by a new middle and upper class of professionals and entrepreneurs. As a result, the Chinese market still offers green fields for ambitious U.S. small businesses that seek to export products that have growing demand China.

Exporting your product China has a long list of challenges: language and cultural barriers, regulatory issues, logistics, IP protection… just to name a few. Even the most seasoned exporters struggle with the fundamental question: How can my company break into the Chinese market?

It seems that few good options exist. Agents abound but are often dubious. Good joint venture partnerships may take years to develop, and requires the U.S. exporter to give up some level of control and profits. Setting up a direct subsidiary or sales office can be prohibitively expensive, complex and time-consuming.

Weighing the time investment, capital requirements and business risks, many SMEs abandon their China entry ambitions, leaving the opportunity to bigger businesses with deeper pockets. However, some SMEs have discovered a relatively unknown business model that offers compelling advantages: low risk, low investment and local know-how.

The concept is dubbed the “sales incubator”, and the strategy is simple. View it as your company’s cost-effective outsourced sales department. A sales incubator provides its clients with the equivalent of their own sales team and office in China but with the added power of local China sales and business development experience… and without the overhead, liability and regulatory requirements of opening a Chinese subsidiary.

The sales incubators provide a comprehensive cross-industry platform for American SME’s to sell their products and build their sales channels in China. Their support programs range from single sales objective, trial sales efforts, and Chinese distributor support, to full-service sales support programs that prepare an SME for its own entity in China.

A good incubator provides their client with a professional China sales team in as little as two months. The service includes a market-specific salesperson hired for your business, China-proven management oversight, an inside salesperson and administrative support.

The CEO of one U.S. industrial products exporter describes how the sales incubator model worked for them. “[The sales incubator] was key to our successful entry into the China marketplace. From recruiting and managing our China-based representative, helping manage safety certification process, to navigating through the cultural and commercial nuances of China, they continue to be a valuable partner in establishing our brand in China.” 

In summary, the sales incubator model provides a platform for SME exports into China in early years. Once they have a foothold in the market, the client may choose to roll over the sales program into their own independent entity or otherwise expand their distribution channels.

For more information on exporting to China, contact your local U.S. Commercial Service Office about export assistance programs. (See www.export.gov.)

For recommendations on a sales incubators in China that would be a good fit for your company, you may contact the author of this blog, Ray Hays.

Email: ray@rayhays.com

Chile Keeps Warming to U.S. Franchising

Chile loves American products. Last week, at a Trade Mission reception in Santiago, Chile, I enjoyed skewer hors d’oeuvres of fresh California strawberries and Hawaiian pineapple.

Add a few other U.S. imports, such as the Apple Store and KFC, and you will see that American brands abound. For decades, Chile has offered an economically stable and receptive market for U.S. brands. If you stroll through a shopping district or visit any mall, you will see diverse logos of American services and products.

Read more the opportunity for U.S. concepts in Chile from this International Franchise Association article.

U.S. Franchising Blooms in Bogota

Colombia is often overlooked as an opportunity for U.S. exports. Having attended the U.S. Franchise Trade Mission to Latin America last week, I can attest to the fact that Colombia is open for U.S. business. If Colombia is not on your list of export target markets, think twice!

This article from the International Franchise Association provides good insight into the opportunity for U.S. brands.

Hot, hot, hot: Franchising in Panama

Along with dozens of other U.S. franchise concepts, I joined this Trade Mission to promote U.S. franchises to Latin American investors. Panama was our first stop. The market is booming, and U.S. franchisors found high levels of interest in introducing new American franchise concepts.

Our international franchise management company, EGS, represented a range of franchisors, including Sport Clips® Haircuts for Men, BrightStar Care®, Rita’s Italian Ice®, Fuddruckers®, Round Table® Pizza, and The Melting Pot®.

Click here for the full Article from the International Franchise Association blog.

International Visitors to the U.S. Spent Record $13.9 billion in May, Helping Support U.S. Jobs | Department of Commerce

An interesting read about an often overlooked export.

Courtesy of Ray Hays, (www.RayHays.com), Member of the Arizona District Export Council

International Visitors to the U.S. Spent Record $13.9 billion in May, Helping Support U.S. Jobs | Department of Commerce.